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Sudipta Mohanty, Researcher - Urban Governance

Household Toilets and Sanitation: The Solution for Open-defecation Free?

Sanitation entails ensuring a hygienic environment to eliminate diseases and health issues. But we find the Swachh Bharat Mission predominantly focused only on the construction of toilets. As a result, the complex problem of sanitation is reduced to the provision of household toilets, leading to the neglect of many crucial components such as the containment and treatment of human faeces, and the management of waste and waste water.

Swachh Bharat Mission: An exploration of vulnerability

The Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM), India’s sanitation programme states that it aims to reduce health and sanitation vulnerabilities among the poor through access to toilets. However, we find that far from minimising vulnerabilities, the scheme seems to exploit their vulnerabilities to gain publicity and political support.

Deconstructing ‘construction-oriented’: looking at the household latrines component of the Swachh Bharat Mission Urban in Ranchi

From the lack of attention to sewage connections or treatment plants to the poor quality of toilets and zero attempt to convert insanitary toilets, we find that the Swachh Bharat Mission’s attention on construction of toilets leaves much to desire for making sanitation available to all.

Is India genuinely keeping abreast with the worldwide movement against plastic?

Over the years, there is a growing awareness of the multiple problems caused by plastic pollution. It is unfortunate that the very factors of durability and resistance to degeneration that make plastics so useful are the very reasons why the management of its waste is so difficult. 

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